Bologna, October 12-14, 2015
Bologna is the largest city (and the capital) of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Italy. It is the seventh most populous city in Italy, located in the heart of a metropolitan area of about one million people.
The first settlements date back to at least 1000 BC. The city has been an urban center, first under the
Etruscans (Velzna/Felsina) and
the Celts (Bona),
then under the Romans (Bononia), then again in the
Middle Ages, as a free
municipality (for one century it was the fifth largest European city based on population).
Home to the oldest university in the world, the University of Bologna, founded in 1088, Bologna hosts thousands of students who enrich the social and cultural life of the city. Famous for its towers and lengthy porticoes, Bologna has a well-preserved historical center (one of the largest in Italy) thanks to a careful restoration and conservation policy which began at the end of the 1970s, on the heels of serious damage done by the urban demolition at the end of the 19th century as well as damage caused by war.
An important cultural and artistic center, its importance in terms of landmarks can be attributed
to a homogenous mixture of monuments and architectural examples (medieval towers, antique buildings,
churches, the layout of its historical center) as well as works of art which are the result of a first
class architectural and artistic history.
Bologna is also a well-established industrial area in which many mechanical, electronic and nutritional industries have their headquarters, making it one of the most impressive trade fair districts in Europe.
Bologna, a road junction of primary importance since Roman times, is today the center of a transport network
of vital importance in Europe and Italy.
It is a crossroads of the major motorways linking Europe with the south of Italy: the Autostrada del Sole (A1) Milan - Naples; A13 to Ferrara, Padua, Venice and Trieste and A14 towards the Adriatic coast (Rimini, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari) and one of the main Italian railway junctions of high-speed line.
The International Airport of Bologna, named after Guglielmo Marconi, is linked to many international destinations, such as Amsterdam, Berlin, Brussel, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, London, Madrid, Munich, and Paris.
The airport, located about 6 km from the Bologna City Center, has a shuttle “Aerobus” connecting it with the Bologna Centrale Railway Station in about 20 minutes, every 15/30 minutes. The one way fare is Euro 3.00.
Alternative airports are the Milan Airports (Malpensa and Linate) and Rome Fiumicino, connected to the Bologna Centrale Railway from their Railways Central Stations with fast trains in one hour and two hours respectively.